Five major health problems for children!
1. Malnutrition and obesity.
The problem of malnutrition and obesity coexists in elementary and middle school students. Due to the number of both types of population, this situation is known by experts as a “double-peak phenomenon.”
Nationally, malnutrition among children is always relatively concentrated in the west, but in Beijing, among malnourished children aged 6-18, malnourished children also account for 6% to 7%.
The causes of malnutrition in these young people have led to the transformation of the west, insufficient protein intake, but partial eating, picky eating, excessive snacking, excessive dieting in pursuit of model body, and so on.
With the malnutrition score, the more serious problem is obesity.
Obese children have grown at an alarming rate in the past two years. Obese children account for about 15% of elementary and middle school students in Beijing. This figure has doubled from 10 years ago. Therefore, it is urgent to prevent obesity from increasing.
Obesity has an impact on the psychological development of adolescents. Obesity in children can cause adult obesity, which can lead to hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes and other diseases.
At present, these diseases have shown a trend of aging.
In 1998, middle and primary school students in developing countries ranked fourth in the world for myopia; in 1999, China has leapt to the second place in the world, behind Japan.
In cities, the myopia rate remains high and continues to increase, while in rural areas it has increased significantly.
Heavy schoolwork and long eye use are the primary cause of myopia in adolescents.
And the occurrence of myopia has advanced.
In the past, the focus of preventing myopia was after the age of 9, and now parents and schools should start preventing myopia in children’s kindergarten and primary school.
At the same time, after reducing the burden of schoolwork, parents should pay attention that children should not use their eyes too much at home. Watching TV, playing video games, and watching CDs for too long can cause eye damage.
3, dental caries.
At present, the incidence of dental caries in primary and middle school students is not high compared with the world level, but the problem of broken teeth is not prominent in time.
Some children have broken permanent teeth at an early age.
The contracted teeth should be repaired in time, even the deciduous teeth, because excessive replacement of the deciduous teeth will affect the arrangement of the permanent teeth after they grow.
The problem of anemia is always similar to the malnutrition of children in big cities. This anemia is not caused by lack of food, but is related to lack of dietary habits and nutritional knowledge.
For example, some parents may not know that using an iron pot for copying vegetables can virtually add a lot of iron to their children.
Another example is drinking orange juice before meals, eating tomatoes can promote iron absorption; and drinking tea after a meal is not conducive to iron absorption.
In addition, although milk and eggs contain iron, it is difficult to absorb, while lean meat and pig liver can easily absorb iron.
With this knowledge, it is easy to correct anemia.
5. Mental health issues.
At present, there are excessive shyness, timidity, fear of violence, worry, depression and other psychological problems among elementary and middle school students, especially when facing pressures such as further education, employment, and early love.
Experts predict that the future budget, the occurrence of psychological problems in elementary and middle school students, and the upward trend in submission, so society, teachers, and parents should pay full attention to this issue.